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Swathi Thirunal

3:05 PM Posted by Vijayasri




Swathi Thirunal was born in the year 1813 under the asterism “Swathi” (Chothi) and died on 25th December 1846, living for a span of 33 years and 8 months. 11 days after the demise of Swathi, saint Thyagaraja too passed away. He was a contemporary of the Trinity of Carnatic Music, as indicated below. Also shown below are some other prominient composers of the century.
Changanasseri Raja Raja Varma Koithampuram, a Sanskrit scholar, was his father. Gouri Lakshmi Bhai was his mother. She ruled Travancore from 1810 to 1814.

Swathi's Mudra:
Swathi has used the word "Padmanabha" or synonyms like Sarasijanabha, Jalajanabha, Kanjanabha, Pankajanabha etc. This is like Deekshithars' "Guruguha" and in contrast with Thyagaraja's use of own name and Shyama Sasthri's "Shyama Krishna". There are also a handful of compositions of Swathi which do not have his mudra.

Some of Swathi Thirunal's famous compositions are :
Sara Saksha – Panthuvarali
Sarasa Sama – Khamas
Ma Mavasada – Kanada
Deva Deva – Maya Malava Gaula
Deva deva – Poorvi Kalyani
Pankaja Lochana- Kalyani
Smarajanaka- Behag
Sarasijanaabha – Thodi
Padasa – Kamboji
Sree Kumara – Atana
Parma Purusha – Vasantha
Gopalaka – Bhoopalam
Mandara dara - Thodi

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